Macquarie Group Ltd (ASX: MQG), Transurban Group (ASX: TCL) and other Australian construction giants are in the spotlight over a new Grattan Institute report, criticising cost blowouts and a lack of competition within the industry.
The Macquarie share price is down 2.9% today to $149 per share, adding to a loss of 4.15% this month, while Transurban shares have fallen 3.5% today and 2.9% over the past month.
Who’s benefitting from the infrastructure boom?
The Australian policy think tank’s report centred on Macquarie’s “inadequate development” of the Sydney Metro City and Southwest project.
The cost of the rail network upgrade has ballooned by more than half a billion dollars from its original contract of $2.7 billion, despite Macquarie winning the contract after submitting an unsolicited proposal to the NSW state government.
Macquarie’s construction of Sydney Martin Place train station alone has risen by more than $200 million “with no justification provided in central documentation”.
Meanwhile, Melbourne’s West Gate tunnel construction, awarded to Transurban, has been delayed by two years, with no revelation of who’s forking the bill for continued setbacks.
Queensland’s 2018 rail upgrades for the state’s New Generation Rollingstock trains also cost an additional $361 million in refitting to meet the nation’s disability access requirements.
In their latest state budgets, Queensland, Victoria and NSW set aside more than $400 billion for infrastructure projects, with the federal government adding another $110 billion.
Grattan argued that state government spending sprees on infrastructure contracts have been overshadowing a lack of financial prudence in protecting against cost overruns.
Grattan calls for international competition
Australian government spending on rail projects is in the top quarter of OECD countries: 26% higher than in Canada, 29% higher than Japan.
Grattan argued that unsolicited proposals for construction projects should be subject to greater scepticism, given construction contracts have been skewed towards Australian companies:
It’s common for governments to end up paying firms more than the amount publicly claimed when the contracts were signed, yet we rarely find out the legal basis of the claim, or how the size of the additional payment was arrived at.
Few firms have the technical and financial capability to win contracts worth $1 billion or more. So it’s crucial that international firms can enter the Australian market, bringing global innovation and know-how.
In selecting a successful bidder, governments should not weight local experience any more heavily than is justified to provide infrastructure at the lowest long-term cost.
It also argues that governments should be willing to enforce original project budgets.
When they sign a contract, they should show by their actions that they will not pay additional amounts for risks that contractors have agreed to take on.
In response, the Australian Constructors Association called many of the claims questionable while highlighting the benefits of creating greater efficiencies within the sector.
The ACA highlighted the need to focus on greater issues in construction: from a higher representation of women in its workforce to more focus on preventing construction worker suicide.
It said it always “advocates for maximising local content wherever commercially practical in a competitive bid process” and backed the efficacy of ‘market-led proposals’ such as Macquarie’s Martin Place project.
The Grattan Institute’s latest report on the cost of Australian infrastructure provides some useful recommendations that unfortunately are overshadowed by poorly supported claims that further damage an already fragile construction industry.
If we could just halve the gap in productivity growth between the construction industry and other industries over the past 30 years, we could construct an extra $15 billion of infrastructure every year for the same level of expenditure and employ an extra 15,000 people. That is equivalent to constructing another three Western Sydney Airports every single year.
Construction share price snapshot
So, is the Australian construction and industrials industry “fragile”?
Some ASX infrastructure and construction giants have performed relatively poorly, despite record spending and the ASX hitting its highest value over the past few weeks. Take Transurban and Decmil (ASX: DCG), for example. Their share price has fallen a respective 2.7% and 44% over the past 12 months.
And despite Australia’s infrastructure boom, it’s slightly more challenging to track the overall sector performance due to the diversification of many of its companies and the lack of a construction index on the ASX. Some companies are still performing well.
Recent losses in the Macquarie Group share price are possibly a result of controversial reports around its business handling of Nuix Ltd (ASX NXL), but it’s still up 42% over the past 12 months.