Amazon stock post-split: Bear vs. bull

Amazon's stock is falling amid worries over rising costs and slowing growth.

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This article was originally published on Fool.com. All figures quoted in US dollars unless otherwise stated.

Amazon (NASDAQ: AMZN)'s stock split has come and passed, and the company is now trading on a split-adjusted basis. Given the newly lowered share price, it is an excellent time to consider the bear and bull case for investing in Amazon's stock. 

The bear case will center on its rapidly rising costs amid decelerating revenue growth. Meanwhile, the bull case will focus on higher-profit segments taking a more meaningful share of the revenue, making the stock arguably cheap. Let's dive deeper. 

Bear case: Slowing revenue and rising costs is a poor combination

Amazon came through in the clutch for hundreds of millions of households when the coronavirus pandemic forced non-essential businesses to close their doors to in-person shoppers. Sales surged for Amazon as it became a prominent alternative for folks looking to avoid shopping at bricks-and-mortar stores. Indeed, revenue jumped $106 billion higher in 2020 from 2019.

Fulfilling an increase of that magnitude is no easy task. It required Amazon to double the size of its fulfilment network in 24 months.

AMZN Total Operating Expenses (Quarterly) Chart

AMZN Total Operating Expenses (Quarterly) data by YCharts.

Those investments in capacity are now weighing on profits as revenue growth is decelerating from pandemic highs. In its most recent quarter ended on March 31, revenue increased by 7%, or less than $8 billion from the same quarter in the year prior -- its slowest rate of growth in several years. Meanwhile, total operating expenses rose by over $13 billion.

Unfortunately, management projects this trend to continue while it works to balance capacity with sales. Amazon forecasts revenue to grow by an even lower 5% in its second quarter. Worse yet, it expects operating income to fall to $1 billion, down from $7.7 billion in the same quarter last year. The estimates are midpoints.

There is no telling how far revenue growth will decelerate as economic reopening gains momentum, which will continue weighing on operating income in the near term. 

Bull case: More profitable segments are growing faster 

Amazon's revenue growth is slowing after the surge at the pandemic's onset. Internally, however, Amazon's more profitable segments are taking more importance. Its Amazon web services segment accelerated growth to 37% in its most recent quarter, up from 32% in the prior year. That segment boasted an operating profit margin of 35% in Q1. Amazon is a leading force in the cloud services industry, which is estimated to reach $495 billion in spending in 2022.

Moreover, Amazon has developed a burgeoning advertising business. Revenue in this segment grew by 25% in Q1 to reach $7.9 billion. Marketers spent $763 billion globally in 2021, and it is reasonable to expect Amazon can take a more meaningful share of this market. Hundreds of millions of shoppers visit Amazon's website, looking to spend money. Advertisers would love the opportunity to influence those decisions.

AMZN PE Ratio Chart

AMZN PE Ratio data by YCharts.

The rise of these more profitable revenue sources has improved Amazon's operating profit margin from 0.2% in 2014 to 5.3% in 2021. Finally, to make the case more compelling, Amazon's stock is as cheap as it's been in a long time. At a price-to-earnings ratio of 51, it's near the lowest in the previous five years.

Bulls win out 

Overall, the bull case is stronger than the bear. The temporary imbalance between capacity and sales will eventually balance. On the side of the bulls, the growth in Amazon's web services and ad businesses will likely last long term. Couple that with an inexpensive valuation, and it makes Amazon stock an excellent buy right now.

This article was originally published on Fool.com. All figures quoted in US dollars unless otherwise stated.

Parkev Tatevosian has no position in any of the stocks mentioned. John Mackey, CEO of Whole Foods Market, an Amazon subsidiary, is a member of The Motley Fool’s board of directors. The Motley Fool Australia's parent company Motley Fool Holdings Inc. has positions in and has recommended Amazon. The Motley Fool Australia has recommended Amazon. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy. This article contains general investment advice only (under AFSL 400691). Authorised by Scott Phillips.

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