Last year, S&P/ASX 200 Index (INDEXASX: XJO) energy share Santos Ltd (ASX: STO) announced an agreement to purchase the Australian west LNG assets of ConocoPhillips (NYSE: COP). For US$1.39 billion, the company would acquire an estimated ~16% earnings per share accretion in 2020.
But then everything went wrong. Santos has been buffeted on both sides during the past 2 months through no fault of its own. The pandemic has effectively killed off demand while the Saudi-Russian oil price war has created a supply glut. A perfect storm that would have killed off a less well-managed company.
Nevertheless, Santos is well placed to weather this storm. It has used the current crisis to drive a transformative action plan.
A disciplined ASX energy share
On 23 March 2020, Santos announced a $550 million (38%) reduction in 2020 capital expenditure. Santos also announced a $50 million reduction in 2020 cash production costs and is targeting a free cash break-even point of US$25/bbl. For a large scale capital intensive company, this is an outstanding effort.
Even with the strains of coronavirus, Santos has produced the highest Cooper Basin gas production in 9 years. The company also generated $265 million of free cash flow in Q1 of CY2020.
Strong balance sheet
The company is carrying more than US$3 billion in liquidity. This comprises US$1.15 billion in cold hard cash and US$1.9 billion in committed yet undrawn debt facilities.
In a wise tactical move, Santos unloaded a 25% stake in the Darwin LNG facility and the Bayu-Undan gas field to South Korean energy group SK E&S. It also has a letter of intent signed to sell-down a 12.5% interest in Barossa to JERA. This will allow Santos to pay for the ConocoPhillips acquisition in cash and $750 million 2-year debt.
Santos has also managed to sustain consistent pricing amid these turbulent times. The company has ~70% of volumes tied to prices via fixed price domestic gas sales, and oil hedged at an average floor price of US$39/bbl.
Add to this Santos has full control over current capital expenditure decisions with all major capital projects yet to take final investment decisions.
The oil and gas sectors remain the blood of nations. For this reason, they remain the main industry globally to be protected by private armies. Oil and gas are likely to stay that way for the foreseeable future until genuine scalable alternatives emerge in the energy markets.
While the oil price is low now, it will rise again over time. Santos is, in my view, the best-placed ASX energy share to emerge from the pandemic structurally stronger than it was in January 2020. Its share price remains 41% down year-to-date.